Chambers County In The Confederacy


John Bell Hood's Fifth Texas Company F Confederate Muster Rolls


John Bell Hood's Fifth Texas Company F Confederate Muster Rolls

"Their ragged clothes make no difference. The enemy never sees the backs." General Robert E. Lee, CSA, describing Hood's Texas Brigade

Muster Roll of Captain K. Bryan's Company Confederate States of America, February 28 1862 to April 30, 1862




* Source: The National Archives, Records Group No. 109, typed from Photostat by Joyce Calhoon.
The first muster Roll dated June 9, 1861, included the additional enlistments:




The Texas Brigade was to Robert E. Lee what the Old Guard was to Napoleon: First in advance, shock troops in battle, and the rear guard in retreat.

The Brigade was organized on October 22, 1861 and consisted of the 1st, 4th, and 5th Texas Infantry Regiments, the only Texas troops to fight in the Eastern Theater.

The battlefield exploits of "Hood's Texas Brigade," as they became known span almost the entirety of the Civil War.

At the Battle of Gaines Mill, the Texans crashed through Berdan's Sharpshooter skirmishers, and two lines of entrenched troops capturing 14 of 20 guns atop Turkey Hill. The 5th Texas captured, intact, the 4th New Jersey Infantry, after that unit had been by-passed by the Texan's assault.

At Second Manassas the 5th Texas emerged from a wood and were face-to-face with the 5th New York, "Duryee Zouaves." The New Yorkers, across a creek and on higher ground, fired first, their volley going over the Texan's heads. The 5th Texas closed to a few paces distance and fired a devastating volley then pursued the dazed New Yorkers until, as one report said, "there were not 50 unwounded men in the Regiment." The 5th Texas had, as Hood said in his official report, "slipped the bridle" and tore through the disintegrating Federal flank, out distancing the rest of the Brigade and the who rest of the army. That day the regiment had earned the name "The Bloody Fifth."

The Wilderness has been called the Texas Brigade's finest hour. On May 6, 1864, Lee's army was in danger of being completely overwhelmed. The Texas brigade arrived in the van of Longstreet's Corps. As the Brigade formed for battle, Lee arrived and attempted to lead them personally. Cries of "Lee to the rear" went up and members of the 5th Texas led him away. Knowing that "the eyes of General Lee were upon them" the Texans fell ferociously upon the advancing Federals with a thunderous roar of yells and musketry. Though half of their number fell dead or wounded, Hood's Old Brigade not only stopped them, but forced the Federals back to their original line.

The sacrificial devotion to duty of the Texas Brigade is borne witness by the fact that only 473 men remained to be paroled at Appomattox Court House. Even so, some, defiant to the last, broke their muskets, refusing to surrender a usable arm to the Federals.